A bibliometric review of architecture research in GCC countries: An analysis based on the web of science

  • Mohammad Sharif Zami, Dr. Department of Architecture, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261
  • Md Safiqur Rahaman Deanship of Library affairs, King Fahd University of petroleum and Minerals


Purpose: A number of studies concluded that the assumption about research established in architecture schools is dominated by myth, and research is not taken to analyze, assess, and evolve a new thought and technology. This mythological assumption significantly affected the research output of the architecture discipline globally. In order to mitigate low research yield from the field of architecture, it is essential to carry out a bibliometric investigation to assess the situation on the ground. This study aims to explore the scientific research (during 1976 – 2020) outcomes in the area of architecture in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries to explore research productivity and highlight the trends and tendencies besides assessing the gaps to execute future research.

Design/Methodology/Approach: An extensive bibliometric method has been implied in published research of GCC to guide researchers in the field of architecture. The research data were retrieved from the web of science and analyses with the help of bibliometric software such as VOSviewer, Bibexcel, and Biblioshiny.

Findings: The findings show that 6 GCC countries contributed a total of 335 publications and 753 citations. 2019 contributed the highest research in architecture. The UAE was the most driving force with strong academic contribution (TP: 119), while Qatar was the most cited country (TC: 231). The topmost contributing intuition was Qatar University (TP: 41); Salama AM was the most prolific author and most cited author. KSA and Egypt had the most collaborative research work with 18 publications. While writing research papers, the authors of GCC mostly used the keywords such as architecture, sustainability, urban design, housing, urbanism, architectural design, architectural education, culture, heritage, Islamic architecture, urban planning, affordable housing, conservation, education, and energy efficiency.

 Originality: This is the first comprehensive bibliometric analysis of architecture research produced by GCC countries.

Author Biography

Md Safiqur Rahaman, Deanship of Library affairs, King Fahd University of petroleum and Minerals

Md Safiqur Rahaman from Main Library,  KFUPM, Dhahran, is a highly experienced professional in the field, having more than 15 years of experience as a librarian. He has a Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) in Library and Information Science. He provides research support services to library users such as literature search, specialized training, reference and information services, research guidance, and consultation. He has 25+ papers published in peer-reviewed, esteemed, and high-impact factor journals (including Q2, Q3, and Q4). These include Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, Science and Technology Libraries, Journal of Scientometric Research, etc. Published 20+ bibliometric/scientometric articles in Web of Science and Scopus indexed journals. He has many national and international research collaborators and received citations in ResearchGate and Google Scholars. His field of expertise (Bibliometric and Scientometric studies)

How to Cite
ZAMI, Mohammad Sharif; RAHAMAN, Md Safiqur. A bibliometric review of architecture research in GCC countries: An analysis based on the web of science. Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 1, p. 193-227, apr. 2022. ISSN 2241-1925. Available at: <http://www.qqml.net/index.php/qqml/article/view/767>. Date accessed: 12 july 2024.